SharePoint explained

SharePoint: A Comprehensive Guide to InfoSec and Cybersecurity

4 min read Β· Dec. 6, 2023
Table of contents

SharePoint, developed by Microsoft, is a powerful collaboration and document management platform that has become a cornerstone of many organizations' information technology infrastructure. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore SharePoint in the context of InfoSec and Cybersecurity, delving into its purpose, usage, history, examples, best practices, and career aspects.

What is SharePoint?

SharePoint is a web-based platform that integrates with Microsoft Office. It provides organizations with a centralized space to store, organize, share, and collaborate on documents, files, and information. It offers a wide range of features, including document management, content management, enterprise search, business intelligence, workflow Automation, and social collaboration.

How is SharePoint Used?

SharePoint is used by organizations of all sizes and across various industries to address their collaboration and document management needs. It enables teams to work together on projects, share documents, and maintain version control. Some common use cases for SharePoint include:

  1. Document Management: SharePoint allows organizations to create document libraries, apply metadata, and establish version control. It ensures that documents are easily accessible, secure, and auditable.

  2. Intranet and Collaboration: SharePoint serves as an intranet portal, providing a centralized location for employees to access news, announcements, and important resources. It facilitates collaboration through team sites, discussion boards, wikis, and blogs.

  3. Business Process Automation: SharePoint's workflow capabilities enable organizations to automate business processes, such as document approval, task tracking, and issue resolution. This streamlines operations and improves efficiency.

  4. Knowledge Management: SharePoint's document management features, combined with enterprise search capabilities, enable organizations to create knowledge repositories, making it easier to find and share information within the organization.

History and Background

SharePoint was first introduced in 2001 as a document management and storage system. Over the years, it has evolved into a comprehensive collaboration platform, with each new version introducing enhanced features and capabilities. SharePoint is built on Microsoft's .NET framework and integrates with other Microsoft products, such as Office 365 and Azure.

SharePoint in the InfoSec and Cybersecurity Context

From an InfoSec and Cybersecurity standpoint, SharePoint plays a critical role in ensuring the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of organizational data. Here are some key considerations:

Data Protection and Access Control

SharePoint offers robust access control mechanisms to protect sensitive information. It allows organizations to define permissions at various levels, such as site, library, folder, and document. Access can be granted based on user roles, groups, or individual accounts. SharePoint also supports integration with Active Directory, enabling centralized user management and authentication.

Best Practice: Implement the principle of least privilege, granting users the minimum level of access required to perform their tasks. Regularly review and audit permissions to ensure they align with organizational needs and policies.

Encryption and Secure Communication

SharePoint supports Encryption at rest and in transit. Data stored in SharePoint can be encrypted using technologies like BitLocker. For communication, SharePoint leverages HTTPS to secure data transmission between clients and servers.

Best Practice: Configure SharePoint to use HTTPS for all communication to ensure data confidentiality and integrity. Regularly update and patch SharePoint to address any security Vulnerabilities.

Secure Configuration and Hardening

To ensure a secure SharePoint deployment, organizations should follow best practices for server and site configuration. Microsoft provides detailed guidelines for securing SharePoint environments, including recommendations for server hardening, authentication, Network security, and secure coding practices.

Best Practice: Implement secure configurations based on Microsoft's SharePoint security guidance. Regularly review and update configurations to align with evolving security requirements.

Incident Response and Monitoring

Effective Incident response and monitoring are crucial for detecting and mitigating security incidents in SharePoint. Organizations should establish incident response procedures, including incident detection, response, and recovery. SharePoint logs should be monitored for suspicious activities, and appropriate measures should be in place to respond to security events.

Best Practice: Implement a robust Incident response plan specific to SharePoint. Leverage SharePoint's auditing and logging capabilities to monitor and detect security incidents.

Career Aspects

Professionals with expertise in SharePoint and InfoSec/Cybersecurity have a wide range of career opportunities. Some potential roles include:

  1. SharePoint Administrator: Responsible for managing and maintaining SharePoint environments, ensuring security, performance, and availability.

  2. SharePoint Developer: Designs and develops custom solutions on the SharePoint platform, including integrations, workflows, and web parts.

  3. SharePoint Consultant: Provides expert advice on SharePoint implementation, configuration, and best practices, with a focus on security and Compliance.

  4. SharePoint Architect: Designs and oversees the implementation of SharePoint solutions, ensuring alignment with organizational goals and security requirements.

  5. InfoSec/Cybersecurity Analyst: Focuses on the security aspects of SharePoint, conducting risk assessments, implementing security controls, and Monitoring for security incidents.


SharePoint is a versatile platform that offers numerous benefits for collaboration, document management, and business process automation. When implemented and secured effectively, SharePoint provides organizations with a powerful tool to enhance productivity while ensuring the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of their data. By following best practices and leveraging the platform's security features, organizations can maximize the benefits of SharePoint while mitigating potential risks.


  1. Microsoft SharePoint Documentation
  2. SharePoint on Wikipedia
  3. SharePoint Security Best Practices
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